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The Dutch branch of the RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt—Reich Security Main Office) Department of Jewish Affairs (IVb4) was headquartered in The Hague. In February 1942, Wilhelm Harster, commander of the SIPO (Sicherheitspolizei—Security Police) in the Netherlands, appointed Willi Zöpf as its head. The department engaged in planning the anti-Jewish policies in the Netherlands, although most directives pertaining to the Jews were forwarded to the Joodse Raad (Jewish Council) by the commander of SIPO-Amsterdam, Willi Lages and the director of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration, Ferdinand Aus der Fünten. With Zöpf frequently away from the office, department policy was implemented mainly by Gertrud Slotke, a clerk at the department who received orders from Zöpf and assiduously carried them out on her own. Apart from Slotke, Franz Fischer, a SIPO official at The Hague, stood out for his cruelty and imposed a reign of terror on the Jews of The Hague.

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