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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

The NSDAP and the regional government of Lower Silesia established the first transit camp in Tormersdorf (today in Saxony, Germany) for those Jews of the district who had been evicted from their homes by the Nazi authorities. This place of temporary internment prior to the Jews’ deportation to extermination camps in the East and to the Theresienstadt ghetto consisted of several buildings owned by an evangelical society in Tormersdorf, north of Görlitz. It was previously used as a Jewish institution for mentally ill boys and men. Its founders named it “Zoar”. This Hebrew name was changed to “Martinshoff” by the Nazis who officially designated the site as a “Housing Commune” (Wohngemeinschaft).
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