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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

The Mechelen transit camp (SS-Sammellager Mecheln) was a detention and deportation camp established on July 27, 1942 in the former Dossin military casern in the city of Mechelen (French: Malines) in the city of Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium. The camp served the Nazis during their occupation of Belgium, and helped to facilitate their plans to systematically exterminate the Jewish population. It was the largest deportation hub for trains leaving Belgium for Auschwitz concentration camp and for several forced labor camps in Upper Silesia such as Heydebreck-Cosel, Groß-Rosen, Klein Mangersdorf and Gogolin.
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