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Adolf Otto Eichmann, born in 1906, was an Austrian Nazi who moved to Germany, and was drafted into the security service (SD - Sicherheitsdienst), where he was employed in Department II/112, the section of the SD responsible for gathering information on Jews and Jewish organizations in Germany and around the world. During the German invasion of Austria in March 1938, he was sent to Vienna, where he set up and managed the Central Office for Jewish Emigration (Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung), a body that cut the red tape surrounding the emigration of Jews from Austria, and contributed to the accelerated pace of their departures, while confiscating most of their property.

His success in Vienna led to his directing the forced emigration of Jews from Czechoslovakia and Germany, including his part in implementing the policy of population transfers carried out by the SS from the early days of World War II, such as the deportation of Poles and Jews from the Warteland region. From the middle of 1941, once again, the Jews became virtually his sole concern. As director of the department relating to Jewish matters IV B 4 in the SD headquarters, he and his staff dealt with the complex logistics involved in deportation of the Jews from middle, western and southern Europe to their deaths in the east. The number of Jews deported as a result of their efforts can be estimated at approximately one million. In 1944, he and some of his officers moved to Budapest, where they concentrated on the deportation of the Jews of Hungary.

In May 1960, Mossad agents captured Eichmann in Argentina and brought him to Israel. Eichmann’s trial took place in Jerusalem in the spring of 196l. He was sentenced to death, and executed in 1962.

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