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Rudolf Schröder (b. November 7, 1903, d. Unknown) was a high-ranking civil servant and SS-Obersturmbannführer. In 1931, while studying for his law degree, Schröder joined the ranks of the NSDAP and the SA. In 1934, he left the latter to join the SS. At that time, he began his employment at the Dresden Gestapo.

During the years 1935-1937, Schröder filled various positions in the SD. In 1937 he returned to the Gestapo, initially in Stuttgart and later in Köslin and Bielefeld. In June 1941 he joined Einsatzgruppe B (Mobile Killing Unit) as a communications officer.

From December 1941 to August 1944, Schröder served as head of the Gestapo Headquarters in Reichenberg (Liberec). In that capacity, he was responsible for the entire operations of the Gestapo throughout the Sudetenland, including the persecution of perceived enemies of the Nazi regime. During this period, the Gestapo headquarters in Reichenberg, assisted by its subsidiaries in Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary) and Troppau (Opava), carried out the deportation of most of the remaining Jewish population of the Sudetenland to killing sites in Eastern Europe and to the Theresienstadt ghetto – the majority of which were either elderly or in so-called “mixed marriages”.

From August 1944 until the end of the war, Schröder was head of the Gestapo headquarters in Weimar. He managed to avoid capture by Soviet troops, living initially in the Soviet occupied zone and later in West Germany where he worked as a clerk in the county of St. Goarshausen.

In 1962, he was put on trial for beating to death a Polish national while he was head of the Gestapo in Bielefeld, and was sentenced to one year in prison.

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