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Ferdinand aus der Fünten was born to an indigent family. Given no formal schooling, he engaged in trade until he became unemployed in 1931. In 1932, he joined the Nazi movement and in 1935 was hired as a bookkeeper for the SS. In early 1941, he was sent to the Central Office for Jewish Emigration (Zentralstelle für Jüdische Auswanderung) in Prague to supervise the administrative work regarding the deportation of the Czech Jews.
In March 1941, Adolf Eichmann, Head of the Department for Jewish Affairs and Evacuation (Department IV B4), established the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Amsterdam and der Fünten was named its acting director. The office was officially under the authority of Willi Paul Franz Lages, regional Commander of the Security Police and Security Service (Kommandeure der Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst, KdS) in Amsterdam. Aus der Fünten was responsible for the registration and detention of some 60,000 Jews. In January 1943 he also oversaw the deportation of Jewish mental patients from the psychiatric hospital in Apeldoorn.
After the war, he was placed on trial in The Hague and sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to life in prison. He was interned in Breda, the Netherlands. Aus der Fünten received clemency in 1989 and died shortly after his release.

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