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Heinrich Baab (b. July 27, 1908, in Frankfurt am Main; d. ?), SS-Untersturmführer and Kriminalsekretär. In October 1928, after completing his apprenticeship in metalworking, he joined the Schupo (Schutzpolizei, uniformed police), attended a police academy in Trepow/Rega, and in April 1930 was posted to Stettin at the rank of Polizeiwachtmeister. In July 1930 he was transferred to Frankfurt, his hometown. In October 1932, Baab joined the NSDAP (the Nazi Party). Baab served in the Schupo until 1937. On July 15 of that year he was admitted to Gestapo Frankfurt am Main headquarters at the rank of Kriminal-Assistenten-Anwärter. In October he joined the SS. Apart from a brief stint in Poland from August 18–October 22, 1939, Baab served in the Gestapo until the end of the war. Initially, he worked at Subdepartment II F vetting passport applications. On October 1, 1937, he was assigned to Referat II B1 (church affairs) and monitored sermons and investigated clerics. About a year later on August 1, 1938, he was placed in Subdepartment II A (Communist affairs). On April 1, 1941, Baab was assigned to Subdepartment II N (intelligence) and on August 1, 1942, was named commander of the Judenreferat (Jewish Affairs Office) II B2, where he remained until June 16, 1943. Baab participated actively in the deportation of Jews from Frankfurt am Main and the vicinity to extermination camps and other murder sites. On his last day at the Judenreferat, he escorted the transport in which the last “full-Jews” (as defined by the Nuremberg Laws), including staff and directors of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland ( Reich Association of Jews in Germany), were deported to Theresienstadt. Afterwards, he moved to Subdepartment II A (sabotage).
In March 1945, when the American forces crossed the Rhine River en route to Frankfurt, the Gestapo abandoned its headquarters and its staff fled. Baab reached southern Germany and was captured in Tyrol by French forces. Released from a POW camp on health grounds, he rejoined his family which had been evacuated to the western sector of Thüringen in the Soviet occupied zone. In 1947, he left the zone and was summoned to Frankfurt by the state attorney for a de-Nazification proceeding. Baab was arrested on September 23, 1947, and in 1950 was convicted on fifty-five counts of murder, twenty-one counts of attempted murder, thirty counts of assault, twenty-two counts of restriction of freedom, and other crimes. He was sentenced to life in prison with hard labour and lifetime revocation of civil rights. Baab was one of 455 main defendants in Hessen. In 1973, he was released due to illness.

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