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Gertrud Slottke (6.10.1902–17.12.1971), a secretary by profession, was a staff member of department IVB4 in The Hague and heavily involved in the deportations of Jews from the Netherlands.

Even before the Nazi's seizure to power, Slottke became member of the NSDAP in 1933. She volunteered at the RSHA (Reich Main Security Office) for a foreign assignment in occupied Europe, and from summer 1941 onwards she was employed at the SIPO (Security Police) in the Netherlands. From early 1942 onwards she worked as a clerk at the Jewish Desk under Wilhelm Zöpf, subordinate to BdS (Security Police and SD Commander) Wilhelm Harster. Slottke became Zöpf’s right hand. She not only managed his correspondence and attended meetings in Amsterdam where deportations were planned, but was also involved in the decision making process that went beyond the tasks of a secretary.

In this capacity, Slottke was responsible for the system of issuing exemption stamps (‘Sperren’) which allowed the postponement of deportation under certain circumstances, but which she usually vetoed. In March 1943 she promoted the review of whole groups of Jews who up until then had been protected. Slottke was frequently at Westerbork transit camp to oversee the launching of transports, and at Bergen-Belsen where she met with representatives of the RSHA and the German Foreign Office. Because she partly handled the waiting and transport lists, Slottke decided who would go on which transport and to which destination, and was thus instrumental in the fate of Dutch Jews. In 1943, Slottke was awarded with the Nazi War Merit Cross (Kriegsverdienstkreuz) for her work at the office.

In June 1944, in course of the advance of Allied forces in France, Slottke moved the Jewish desk to Germany and subsequently to Ravensbrück concentration camp north of Berlin. After the war, back in The Hague, she was interned by the Canadians for a short time. After her release, she returned to Germany where she worked as a secretary for the Association of German Expellees (Bund der Vertriebenen). In 1967, she stood trial in Munich (together with Zöpf and Harster) for her independent and influential role in the crimes. As most female perpetrators were not prosecuted, the Slottke case is exceptional. The court took into account Slottke’s assiduous attitude rather than her ideological motives – a picture that met with her own defending self-portrayal – and she was sentenced to five years imprisonment, the last two of which she served on probation.

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