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Dr. Constantin (alt. Konstantin) Canaris (b. November 8, 1906 in Duisburg, d. 1983) was a high ranking civil servant and an SS leader (SS-Standartenführer). He was the nephew of Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Military Intelligence (Abwehr). Constantin Canaris joined the NSDAP in 1932, and the SS in 1937. Following his graduation from the faculty of law in 1935, he received a position at the Gestapo.

In 1939, he was appointed head of the Gestapo in Liegnitz (Legnice). Following the occupation of Belgium, he served in several positions at the SD in Belgium and northern France.

In November 1941, Canaris was appointed head of the SD and Security Police (Sipo) in Wehrkreis I (East Prussia, Bialystok and Lithuania), while simultaneously serving as head of the Königsberg Gestapo., In that capacity, he was in charge of the operation of the Soldau concentration camp and killing site. Under his command, the Gestapo organized and carried out the large deportations of Jews to Riga, Minsk and Theresienstadt in the summer of 1942. He also participated in (or at the very least witnessed) the violent elimination of the Bialystok ghetto.

In late 1943, Canaris was recalled to Brussels where he served as head of the Security Police and the SD. He oversaw at least four transports of Jewish prisoners from the Belgian transit camp Mechelen to the extermination camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.

After a short service at the Waffen-SS, Canaris was sent to Italy to initiate talks with the pope. In 1951 He was captured there and extradited to Belgium where he was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labour.

Despite his sentence, Canaris was released to West Germany in 1952, and resided in Düsseldorf. In 1975 he was tried in Felnsburg and Kiel along with his accomplices from the Nazi terror apparatus in Belgium. He was convicted in 1980, but due to his age he was deemed unfit for incarceration.

Constantin Canaris died in 1983.

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