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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

During the fall-winter months of 1942-1943 Nazi Germany suffered its first major military defeats in several theaters of the war: The defeat at El Alamein, followed by the landing of Allied forces in North- Africa (Operation Torch) and the encircling of the Sixth Army at Stalingrad signaled a possible shift in the course of the war. However, despite these setbacks the Nazis proceeded with the extermination policies. On February 7, 1943, several days after the German surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler addressed a group of Gauleiters (district party leaders) assembled at Rastenburg. He repeated his threat that Jewry must be eliminated from Europe.
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Additional Details

Places: Praha, Praha Hlavni Mesto, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Praha, Praha Hlavni Mesto, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 09/04/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Praha, Praha Hlavni Mesto, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: Cy
Beginning of Event: 09/04/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Trade Fair Grounds, Radiomarkt, Holesovice
Departure Station: Praha-Bubny railway station
Means of Transportation: Train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 149
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 149
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 09/04/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: Cy
Beginning of Event: 09/04/1943
Segment of Route: Stop
Departure Station: Bohusovice train station
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 149
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 149
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 09/04/1943
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Livia Rothkirchen, The Jews of Bohemia and Moravia 1938-1945, in: Avigdor Dagan ed., The Jews of Czechoslovakia, Historical studies and Surveys, Vol. 1 ( Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1968), pp. 32-34
  • H.G. Adler, Theresienstadt, 1941-1945 : Das Antlitz einer Zwangsgemeinschaft; Geschichte, Soziologie, Psychologie (Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1955), pp. 37- 70
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt, Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente (2005), pp. 63-109
  • Ruth Bondy, Edelstein Against Time (Tel Aviv: Zmora, Bitan, Modan, 1981), pp.307-308 (Hebrew Edition)
Link to Archives: Minutes from a meeting of SS officers under the command of Reinhard Heydrich regarding the solution of the problem of the Jews of Czechoslovakia, 10 October 1941

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