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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

On May 21 1943, Rolf Günther, Adolf Eichmann’s deputy in Department IVB4, informed all local police headquarters of Heinrich Himmler’s order to complete all deportations of Jews from the Greater Reich and the Protectorate to the East and to Theresienstadt by June 30 1943. The new regulations included several groups of Jews whose deportation had been postponed until then. This included sick and infirm Jews, Jews who were still employed as slave labourers for the war industry, and employees of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden (Reich's Association of the Jews in Germany). The only exemptions were Jews who were married to non-Jews. The regulations also provided guidelines regarding the procedure of the deportations. In the case of smaller deportations consisting of up to 400 Jews, special cars, connected to regular trains, were to be used.
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Additional Details

Route of Transport: from Departing Station Nuernberg, Oberfranken und Mittelfranken, Bavaria, Germany to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 16/06/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Nuernberg, Nürnberg (Nürnberg), Bavaria, Germany
Transport No: II/28
Beginning of Event: 16/06/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Hauptbahnhof (תחנה מרכזית)
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 36
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: II/28
Link to Library:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, "Die 'Judendeportationen' aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 360, 364, 365
  • Hans-Günther Adler, "Die verheimlichte Wahrheit. Theresienstaedter Dokumente" (Tuebingen: Mohr, 1958)
  • Arnd Mueller, "Geschichte der Juden in Nuernberg 1146-1945" (Nuernberg: Stadtbibliothek, 1968)
  • Eric A. Johnson, "What we knew. Terror, mass murder, and everyday life in Nazi Germany; an oral history" (New York, Basic Books, 2005), p. 100-107
  • Herbert Schultheis, "Juden in Mainfranken 1933-1945. Unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der Deportationen Wuerzburger Juden" (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale: M. Roetter, 1980)
  • Stadtrat Nuernberg, "Schicksal juedischer Mitbuerger in Nuernberg 1933-1945. Dokumentation" (Nuernberg: self publishing, 1985)
  • Herbert Schultheis, Isaac E. Wahler, "Bilder und Akten der Gestapo Wuerzburg über die Judendeportationen 1941-1943" (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale, Roetter, 1988)
  • Albrecht Liess (ed.), "Wege in die Vernichtung. Die Deportation der Juden aus Mainfranken, 1941-1943; Begleitband zur Ausstellung des Staatsarchivs Wuerzburg" (Muenchen: Generaldirektion der Staatlichen Archive Bayern, 2003)
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