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At the end of November 1941 the former fortress Theresienstadt, located 60 km north of Prague was turned into a ghetto. At first, Jews of all ages from Bohemia and Moravia (the "Protectorate") were deported to this camp. At the Wannsee conference on January 20 1942, Reinhard Heydrich, Head of the Reich Security Main Office, announced that from June 1942 on elderly Jews from the the German territories at the pre-1938 borders (“Altreich”) would be deported to Theresienstadt. These would include
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Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 15/06/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Koeln, Köln, Rhine Province, Germany
Transport No: III/1
Beginning of Event: 15/06/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Fairgrounds Cologne-Deutz
Assembly Area: Much
Assembly Area: Zur ewigen Anbetung
Assembly Area: Mausbach
Departure Station: Deutz-Tief Train station, Cologne
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 961
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 963
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Arrival Station: Bohusovice train station
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 16/06/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: III/1
Beginning of Event: 16/06/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Assembly Area: Fairgrounds Cologne-Deutz
Departure Station: Bohusovice train station
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 961
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 963
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: III/1
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), pp. 291-292
  • Hans Günther Adler, Der verwaltete Mensch: Studien zur Deportation der Juden aus Deutschland, (Tübingen: Mohr, 1974)
  • Hans-Gerd Dick, "Wie erdhaft, bergisch und deutsch das klingt": Der Rheinisch-Bergische Kreis im Nationalsozialismus, (Weilerswist: Verlag Landpresse, 1999), pp. 155-156
  • Josef Wisskirchen: Schicksale Stommelner Juden im Dritten Reich, in: Manfred Backhausen (ed.), Juden in Stommeln, vol. 2: Geschichte einer jüdischen Gemeinde im Koelner Umland, (Pulheim: Verein für Geschichte und Heimatkunde e.V. 1983), p. 73
  • Markus Schmitz, Bernd Haunfelder, Humanität und Diplomatie: Die Schweiz in Köln 1940 - 1949, (Münster: Aschendorff, 2001), pp.178-179
  • Maria Wein-Mehs, Juden in Wittlich 1808-1942, (Wittlich: Stadt Wittlich, 1996), pp. 358-360
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