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At the beginning of 1945 France, Belgium and the Southern Netherlands had already been liberated by the allied troops. On March 5, the American troops arrived on the Western bank of Cologne and the Eastern bank was liberated on April 14 1945. However, despite this turn of events, transports still left the city. The sources do not state when this last transport containing 45 or 46 Jews departed from Cologne. Yet, it is certain that this transport arrived in Theresienstadt on March 14, 1945. It was given the reference III/11 in the ghetto listings, where the Roman numeral III refers to Cologne. Thirty seven of the deportees were women and and 8 were men. The average age of the deportees was 43.5. The oldest was 63 years old.
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Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 03/1945
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Origin of Deportation: Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany
Transport No: III/11
Beginning of Event: 03/1945
Segment of Route: Departing Station
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 45
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 14/03/1945
Transport No. upon Arrival: III/11
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 467
  • Hans Günther Adler, Der verwaltete Mensch: Studien zur Deportation der Juden aus Deutschland, (Tübingen: Mohr, 1974)
  • Dieter Corbach, 6.00 Uhr ab Messe Köln-Deutz: Deportationen 1938-1945, (Köln: Scriba Verlag, 1998), p. 143
  • Miroslav Karny, Theresienstaedter Gedenkbuch: Die Opfer der Judentransporte aus Deutschland nach Theresienstadt 1942-1945, (Prag: Academia, 200), pp. 367-371
  • Horst Matzerath, Köln in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus 1933-1945, (Köln: Greven Verlag, 2009), pp. 414-415

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