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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities began to deport the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city of Theresienstadt, about 60 km north of Prague. The city’s 18th century fortress now served as a ghetto. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under terrible conditions. By depicting Theresienstadt as a "model of Jewish settlement" and thus concealing its role as a transit camp for Jewish deportees, the Nazis were able to camouflage their true objectives and policies namely, the mass annihilation of the Jews.
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Additional Details

Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 12/09/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany
Transport No: III/4
Beginning of Event: 12/09/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Deutz-Tief Train station, Cologne
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 50
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Arrival Station: Bohusovice train station
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 12/09/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: III/4
Beginning of Event: 12/09/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Departure Station: Bohusovice train station
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 50
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: III/4
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 327
  • Hans Günther Adler, Der verwaltete Mensch: Studien zur Deportation der Juden aus Deutschland, (Tübingen: Mohr, 1974)
  • Zvi Asaria, Die Vernichtung, in: Zvi Asaria (ed.), Die Juden in Köln: Von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart, (Köln: Verlag J.P.Bachem, 1959), p. 388
  • Horst Matzerath, Der Weg der Kölner Juden in den Holocaust: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion, in: Barbara Becker-Jakli, Werner Jung, Martin Rüther (eds.), Nationalsozialismus und Regionalgeschichte: Festschrift für Horst Matzerath, (Köln: Emons Verlag, 2002), p. 232
Link to Archives: Lists of 294 Jews deported from Cologne to the Theresienstadt Ghetto on Transports III/4-III/10, 12/09/1942-30/10/1943

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