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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Despite the fact that by the end of June 1943 ninety percent of Cologne had been destroyed by American and British bombardments (especially during the "Peter and Paul attack" on June 29, 1943) the Gestapo continued to deport Jews from the city to Theresienstadt. Altogether 80 Jews were deported to the ghetto during this period. Some Jews from Aachen, Koblenz and Wittlich were among them.
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Route of Transport: from Departing Station Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 01/08/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Koeln, Koeln, Rhine Province, Germany
Transport No: III/9
Beginning of Event: 01/08/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Muengersdorf
Departure Station: Deutz-Tief Train station, Cologne
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 45
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 01/08/1943
Transport No. upon Arrival: III/9
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 459
  • Hans Günther Adler, Der verwaltete Mensch: Studien zur Deportation der Juden aus Deutschland, (Tübingen: Mohr, 1974)
  • Horst Matzerath, Der Weg der Kölner Juden in den Holocaust: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion, in: Barbara Becker-Jakli, Werner Jung, Martin Rüther (eds.), Nationalsozialismus und Regionalgeschichte: Festschrift für Horst Matzerath, (Köln: Emons Verlag, 2002), p. 232
  • Martin Rüther, Köln in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus: Alltag und Erfahrungen zwischen 1939 und 1945. Darstellungen - Bilder - Quellen, (Köln: Emons, 2005), pp. 282-285
  • Markus Schmitz, Bernd Haunfelder, Humanität und Diplomatie: Die Schweiz in Köln 1940 - 1949, (Münster: Aschendorff, 2001), p. 207
Link to Archives: Lists of 294 Jews deported from Cologne to the Theresienstadt Ghetto on Transports III/4-III/10, 12/09/1942-30/10/1943