In December 1943, Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller sent a circular to all local headquarters of the Security Police, announcing that even Jews who had had non-Jewish spouses but whose marriages had ended due to divorce or death could now be deported to Theresienstadt.
The Allied landing in Normandy on June 6, 1944, and the destruction of the Central Army Group by the Red Army over the summer had sent Nazi Germany into a tailspin. Nevertheless, the Nazi authorities persisted in their efforts to deport such Jews as still remained in the towns of Germany. This transport departed on an unknown date and reached Theresienstadt on July 12, 1944. On arrival, the train was given the reference VII/5 Ez 1, the Roman numeral VII denoting Düsseldorf as the origin and the letters Ez abbreviating Einzeltransport (“special transport”), i.e., a transport with few people aboard. This was the second Ez Ez transport out of Düsseldorf; the last transport of this type departed in late January 1945. Most “special transports” used regular passenger trains. The names of five Jews who were aboard this transport are known to us. All had lived in Düsseldorf. Three survived, one woman died in Theresienstadt, and the fifth, a woman, was murdered in Auschwitz.