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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

By early 1945, Nazi Germany was on the brink of defeat. The Allies had liberated France, Belgium, and most of the Netherlands from Nazi occupation. In Eastern Europe, the Red Army had wrested the Baltic states and the eastern provinces of Poland from the Wehrmacht. On January 10, 1945, the Soviet forces launched a massive offensive in eastern Prussia and Poland (Operation Wisla-Oder); on January 17, Soviet forces entered Warsaw. Due to the German retreat, Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, ordered the general evacuation of the camps in the east. On January 18, Auschwitz and its satellites were evacuated. Concurrently, many towns in Germany were being bombarded into rubble. Transport systems were bein reduced to total chaos. Still, the Gestapo continue to issue new deportation summonses.
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Additional Details

Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Rhine Province, Germany to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 01/1945
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Origin of Deportation: Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Rhine Province, Germany
Transport No: VII/5 Ez2
Beginning of Event: 01/1945
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Means of Transportation: Train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 2
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 26/01/1945
Transport No. upon Arrival: VII/5Ez2
Agencies of Deportation: RSHA IVB4 - Judenangelegenheiten, Räumungsangelegenheiten
Officials in Charge of Transport:
Rail Company: Deutsche Reichsbahn
Nationality of the Officials: German
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945 (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p.466
  • Holger Berschel, Buerokratie und Terror: Das Judenreferat der Gestapo Duesseldorf 1935-1945 ( Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2001) pp.88-141, pp.412-415
  • Herbert Schmidt, Der Elendsweg der Dueseldorfer Juden: Chronologie der Schreckens 1933-1945, (Duesseldorf, Droste Verlag, 2005) pp.170-286

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