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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities began to deport the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city of Theresienstadt, about 60 km north of Prague. The city’s 18th century fortress now served as a ghetto. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under terrible conditions. By depicting Theresienstadt as a "model of Jewish settlement" and thus concealing its role as a transit camp for Jewish deportees, the Nazis were able to camouflage their true objectives and policies namely, the mass annihilation of the Jews.
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945 (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p.362
  • Grothe, Ewald. Verfolgt - vergast - vergessen : Zur Geschichte der Juden in den Ortschaften der Stadt Marienmuenster, ( Bielefeld : Vlg. fuer Regionalgeschichte, 1990), p.49.
  • Walter Thiemann, "Von den Juden im Siegerland" (Siegen : Gesellschaft fuer Christlich-Jüdische Zusammenarbeit, 1968), pp. 29-30
  • Joachim Maynert, "Was vor der "Endlösung" geschah. Antisemitische Ausgrenzung und Verfolgung in Minden-Ravensberg, 1933-1945" (Münster, Lit, 1988) p. 252-272
  • Deutsche Reichsbahn, "Deutsches Kursbuch, Jahresfahrplan 1943" (Berlin: Deutsche Reichsbahn, 1943)
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