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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

In late November 1941, the Nazi authorities began deporting the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia to the fortress town of Theresienstadt, some 60 kilometers north of Prague. The fortress, built in the eighteenth century, served as a ghetto for the Jews from the region. Thousands of deportees were housed in barracks under grim conditions. As the Holocaust proceeded, the Nazis sought to present Theresienstadt as a “model Jewish settlement” to camouflage their extermination policy. In fact, Theresienstadt served as a transit camp and from January 1942 onward, it was the departure point for transports to Riga; later that year, transports also set out from this location to extermination camps and other murder sites including Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Maly Trostenets.
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Route of Transport: from Departing Station Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Hesse-Nassau, Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 18/08/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Hesse-Nassau, Germany
Transport No: XII/1
Train No.: Da 503
Beginning of Event: 18/08/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Old age home on Rechneigrabenstrasse, Frankfurt am Main
Departure Station: Platform 40, east wing of the Grossmarkthalle [wholesale market]
Means of Transportation: Passenger train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1009
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1013
No. of Deceased in Transit (Minimum Estimate): 11
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 19/08/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Beginning of Event: 19/08/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1013
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 19/081942
Transport No. upon Arrival: XII/1
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945, (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 452
  • Monica Kingreen, "Gewaltsam verschleppt aus Frankfurt, in Nach der Kristallnacht: Die Deportation der Juden in den Jahren 1941-1945", Monuca Kingreen, ed., Nach der Kristalnacht:Juedisches Leben und antijuedische Politik in Frankfurt am Main 1938-1945, (Frankfurt a.M.: Camus, 1999), pp. 374-375
  • Dokumente zur Geschichte der Frankfurter Juden 1933- 1945: Herausgegeben von der Kommission zur Erforschung der Gerschichte der Frankfurter Juden(Frankfurt am Main:Verlag Waldemar, 1963), pp. 507
  • Ursula Krause-Schmitt, Jutta Freyberg, Friedrich Wehe, Studienkreis Deutscher Widerstand:Hessen-Vol.1, (Frankfurt a.M.:VAS Verlag, 1995), pp. 68 -99; 149.
  • Peter Paul Schweitzer, Das Schicksal der Hadamarer Juden : Schule und Oeffentlichkeit erneuern gemeinsam das Gedaechtnis an juedische Mitbuerger von 1933-1945, ( Fuldatal : Hessisches Institut fuer Lehrerfortbildung, 1991), p. 66
  • Maria Wein-Mehs, "Juden in Wittlich 1808-1942", (Wittlich : Stadt Wittlich, 1996), pp. 358-360
  • Adolf Diamant, Gestapo Frankfurt Am Main, (Frankfurt a.M.: 1988)
  • Saul Friedländer, The Years of Extermination, (Jerusalem: Am Oved; Yad Vashem, 2009), pp. 337-8
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