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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

In late November 1941, the Nazi authorities began deporting the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia to the fortress town of Theresienstadt, some 60 kilometers north of Prague. The fortress, built in the eighteenth century, served as a ghetto for the Jews from the region. Thousands of deportees were housed in barracks under grim conditions. As the Holocaust proceeded, the Nazis sought to present Theresienstadt as a “model Jewish settlement” to camouflage their extermination policy. In fact, Theresienstadt served as a transit camp for Jews and from January 1942 onward, it was the departure point for transports to Riga; later that year, transports also set out from this location to extermination camps and other murder sites including Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Maly Trostenets.
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Route of Transport: from Departing Station Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Hesse-Nassau, Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 01/09/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Hesse-Nassau, Germany
Transport No: XII/2
Train No.: Da 509
Beginning of Event: 01/09/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Old age home on Rechneigrabenstrasse, Frankfurt am Main
Departure Station: A railway track from the eastern wing of the wholesale market
Means of Transportation: Passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1100
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: XII/2
Segment of Route: Stop
Departure Station: Bohusovice train station
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1100
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: XII/2
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, "Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945", (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), pp. 317-320
  • Monica Kingreen, "Gewaltsam verschleppt aus Frankfurt : Die Deportation der Juden in den Jahren 1941-1945", Monica Kingreen, ed., "Nach der Kristallnacht:Juedisches Leben und antijuedische Politik in Frankfurt am Main 1938-1945", (Frankfurt a.M.: Campus, 1999), pp. 374-375
  • Ursula Krause-Schmitt, Jutta Freyberg, Friedrich Wehe, "Studienkreis Deutscher Widerstand: Hessen-Vol.1" (Frankfurt a.M., VAS Verlag, 1995), pp. 68-99, p. 149.
  • Werner Schiele, "Juden in Floersheim: Die Geschichte einer Minderheit auf dem Lande" (Floersheim am Main: Heimatverein, 1999), pp. 446 - 458
  • Peter Paul Schweitzer, "Das Schicksal der Hadamarer Juden : Schule und Oeffentlichkeit erneuern gemeinsam das Gedaechtnis an juedische Mitbuerger von 1933-1945", (Fuldatal : Hessisches Institut fuer Lehrerfortbildung, 1991), p. 66
  • Angelika Rieber, "Wir bleiben hier! : Lebenswege Oberurseler Familien juedischer Herkunft" (Frankfurt a.M. : W. Kramer, 2004), pp.34-35
  • Adolf Diamant, Gestapo Frankfurt Am Main, (Frankfurt a.M.: 1988)
  • Barbara Greve, Eine Kleine Stadt in Hessen, (Kassel: Winfried Jenior, 2010), pp. 120-124
  • Karl E. Grözinger, Jüdische Kultur in Frankfurt am Main von den Anfaengen bis zur Gegenwart, (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1997)
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