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In late November 1941, the Nazi authorities began deporting the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia to the fortress town of Theresienstadt, some 60 kilometers north of Prague. The fortress, built in the eighteenth century, served as a ghetto for the Jews from the region. Thousands of deportees were housed in barracks under grim conditions. As the Holocaust proceeded, the Nazis sought to present Theresienstadt as a “model Jewish settlement” to camouflage their extermination policy. In fact, Theresienstadt served as a transit camp for Jews and from January 1942 onward, it was the departure point for transports to Riga; later that year, transports also set out from Theresienstadt to extermination camps and other murder sites including Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Maly Trostenets.
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Route of Transport : from Departing Station Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Hesse-Nassau, Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 15/09/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt a. Main (Wiesbaden), Hesse-Nassau, Germany
Transport No: XII/3
Train No.: Da 515
Beginning of Event: 15/09/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Old age home on Rechneigrabenstrasse, Frankfurt am Main
Departure Station: Platform 40, east wing of the Grossmarkthalle [wholesale market]
Means of Transportation: Passenger train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1369
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1378
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport : from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 16/09/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Beginning of Event: 16/09/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1378
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event : 16/09/1942
Transport No. upon Arrival : XII/3
Link to Library:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945(Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p.328
  • Monica Kingreen, "Gewaltsam verschleppt aus Frankfurt : Die Deportation der Juden in den Jahren 1941-1945", Monica Kingreen, ed., Nach der Kristallnacht:Juedisches Leben und antijuedische Politik in Frankfurt am Main 1938-1945, (Frankfurt a.M.: Campus, 1999), pp. 374-379
  • Elfi Pracht, Frankfurter juedische Erinnerungen: Ein Lesebuch zur Sozialgeschichte 1864-1951, (Sigmaringen:Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 1997), pp. 275-279
  • Ursula Krause-Schmitt, Jutta Freyberg, Friedrich Wehe, Studienkreis Deutscher Widerstand:Hessen-Vol.1, (Frankfurt a.M., VAS Verlag, 1995) p.70
  • Juden in Hungen : Berichte und Dokumente der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Spurensuche, ( Hungen : Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Spurensuche", 1990 ), p. 67
  • Adolf Diamant, Gestapo Frankfurt Am Main, (Frankfurt a.M.: 1988)
  • Saul Friedländer, The Years of Extermination, (Jerusalem; Am Oved; Yad Vashem, 2009), pp. 386
  • Benoix Landau, Festung Theresienstadt, (Dover, N.J.: B. Landau)
  • Egon Redlich, The Therezin Diary of Gonda Redlich, (Lexington Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1992), p. 70
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