In an official meeting on January 30, 1940, Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA), declared that the Jews of the city of Stettin in Pomerania were to be evacuated from their homes for what he claimed where reasons pertaining to the war effort. What followed was a particularly brutal deportation of the majority of the remaining Jewish population to ghettos in the Lublin district. Only a handful of Jews remained in the province thereafter.
In 1944, Germany was constantly losing ground on the eastern front while its population centers were subject to constant heavy aerial bombardments. In spite of this however, the deportation of Jews from German cities did not stop. On December 18, 1943, a circular signed by Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller was sent out to all Sipo (Security Police) local headquarters. It permitted the deportation of Jews whose marriage to non-Jews had terminated due to divorce or death of the non-Jewish spouse.
This transport departed from the city of Stettin in Pomerania on February 8 or 9, 1944, and arrived in Theresienstadt on February 10, 1944. It was classified as a transport of individuals (Einzeltransport), and consisted of a single deportee, 57 year-old Ernestine Oehlrich née Bielsky, resident of the town of Gollnow (Goleniow).
Ernestine Oherlich was probably arrested at her home or ordered to report to the Gestapo offices in Stettin. She was forced to sign a declaration, relinquishing her entire property to the State. She was presumably put under guard on a regular passenger train that went to Theresienstadt via Posen or Berlin.
The train arrived at Theresienstadt on 10 February 1944, and was given the reference XIV/3 Ez 1 in the Theresienstadt ghetto listings where the Roman numeral XIV refers to all transports originating from the provinces of East Prussia and Pomerania and the letters “Ez” signify transports of individuals.
Conditions in Theresienstadt were harsh: those who were able to survive the omnipresent hunger and disease were under constant threat of being deported to the killing sites in the east. Ernestine Oehrlich survived in Theresienstadt until the end of the war.