Following the Munich Conference and the annexation of the Sudetenland to the Reich in October 1938, Nazi anti-Jewish laws were implemented throughout the region. The Jewish population was persecuted and dispossessed of its property (Aryanized). These measures led many Jews to flee, mostly to neighboring Czechoslovakia. In November 1942, the RSHA initiated transports of the remaining Jews in the Sudetenland region. Gestapo headquarters in Liberec (Reichenberg), headed by Rudolf Schröder, ove
rsaw the deportations. On 18 December 1943, a memo was sent by Chief of the Gestapo Heinrich Müller to the regional police offices, asking that Jewish spouses married to non-Jews, whose marriage ended in divorce or death, be deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto. The transport left Usti nad Labem to the Theresienstadt Ghetto on 23 October 1944. This transport was listed as Ez, which were the German initials for special transport of individuals (Einzelreisende Sondertransport). It consisted of a single woman, 65 year old Hermine Schwarz nee Löwy, resident of Podsedice (Podseditz). Very little is known about this transport.. It is assumed that Hermine Schwarz was driven from Usti nad Labem to Theresienstadt. In the Theresienstadt Ghetto listings the transport was recorded as XIX/7 Ez, where the Roman numeral XIX refers to the area of Usti nad Labem. According to the Theresienstadt ghetto listings, Hermine Schwartz managed to survive the harsh conditions in Theresienstadt until the end of the war.