Despite the German withdrawal from the Eastern front and the heavy aerial bombardment of German cities, the deportation of Jews from German cities did not stop. On December 18, 1943, a circular signed by Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller was sent out to all local Sipo (Security Police) headquarters. It permitted the deportation of Jews, whose marriage to non-Jews had terminated due to divorce or death of the non-Jewish spouse.
This transport was the last from the Darmstadt area and left the city for Theresienstadt some days before September 20, 1944. It consisted of one Jew, 70-year old Martha Böhringer from Laubenheim in Rhineland-Palatinate. The transport, about which little is known, was likely conducted by regular train under guard.
Apart from the Gauleiter (district leader) of Hesse-Nassau, Jakob Sprenger, there were other key figures involved in the execution of this transport: the head of the Gestapo offices in Darmstadt, authorized it. Georg Dengler, the head of the Darmstadt Department for Jewish Affairs in the RSHA, was most likely responsible for organising and carrying it out.
The general guidelines prepared by the RSHA recommended that the local Gestapo notify in writing those Jews selected for deportation. The deportees were permitted to bring a sum of 50 Reichmarks, a suitcase, a full set of clothes, suitable shoes, bedding, tableware and food supplies for eight days. Additionally, those selected for deportation had to produce an inventory of all their properties. The deportees were normally detained at the assembly sites for two days prior to deportation.
The transport arrived at Theresienstadt on September 20, 1944. The transport was given the reference XVII/3Ez, where the Roman numeral XVII refers to Darmstadt. Ez were the German initials given to special transports of individuals (Einzelreisende Sondertransport).