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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities began to deport the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city of Theresienstadt, about 60 km north of Prague. The city’s 18th century fortress now served as a ghetto. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under terrible conditions. By depicting Theresienstadt as a "model of Jewish settlement" and thus concealing its role as a transit camp for Jewish deportees, the Nazis were able to camouflage their true objectives and policies namely, the mass annihilation of the Jews.
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Additional Details

Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Oppeln, Oppeln, Silesia (Upper), Germany to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 13/11/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Oppeln, Oppeln, Silesia (Upper), Germany
Transport No: XVIII/1
Beginning of Event: 13/11/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Bullenkeller
Departure Station: Oppeln Central Train Station
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 56
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Arrival Station: Bohusovice train station
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 13/11/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: XVIII/1
Beginning of Event: 13/11/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 56
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: XVIII/1
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945 (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p.343
  • Bernhard Brilling, "Der Untergang der oberschlesische Juden", in: "Mitteilungen, Irgun Ole Merkaz Eropa", 12.8.1944, p. 8
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945 (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p.343
  • Karol Jonca, "Zaglada niemieckich Zydow na Gornym Slasku (1933-1945)", in: "Slaski Kwartalnik Historyczny Sobotka, nr. 2", pp 219-249
  • Alfred Konieczny, "Transporty Zydow z Gornego Slaska do obozu w Terezinie (1942-1944)". In: "Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimi XXIV", pp 442-463
  • Deutsche Reichsbahn, "Deutsches Kursbuch, Jahresfahrplan 1942/43" (Berlin: Deutsche Reichsbahn, 1942), pp 75, 82
Link to Archives: Lists of 1, 097 Jews deported on Transport Nos. XVIII/1-XXIII/4 from various places in Germany and the Protectorate to the Theresienstadt Ghetto , 13/11/1942-19/02/1944

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