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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

When Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, there were around 140,000 Jews in the country (native and migrants). The German occupation authorities established a civil administration and introduced anti-Jewish measures incrementally. Pursuant to the Wannsee conference and the decision to implement the Final Solution policy in occupied Western Europe, mass transports of Jews from the Netherlands to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp began in July 1942.
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Additional Details

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  • 22/01/1943
  • Freight Train
  • Cars attached to freight train
Beginning of Event (reconstructed) : 22/01/1943
No. of persons (Min. estimate) registered at beginning of event : 921
No. of persons (Max. estimate) registered at beginning of event : 921
No. of persons (Min. estimate) registered at end of event : 921
No. of persons (Max. estimate) registered at end of event : 921
Origin of Deportation : Apeldoorn, Gelderland, The Netherlands
Destination of Deportation : Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland
End of Event : 24/01/1943
End of Event (reconstructed) : 24/01/1943
Display in intranet : Y
Link to historical background : Historical background: from Apeldoorn, Gelderland, The Netherlands to Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland between dates 22/01/1943 - 24/01/1943
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