Friends  |  Press Room  |  Contact Us

The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities started deporting the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city Theresienstadt, located about 60 km north of Prague. The fortress was built in the 18th century and now served as a place for concentrating the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under harsh conditions. The Nazis sought to portray Theresienstadt as a "model Jewish settlement", thus camouflaging their true aim and policy of mass annihilation. Essentially, Theresienstadt served as a transit camp for the Jews. Starting in January 1942, transports from Theresienstadt started making their way to Riga and as the year wore on the transports started heading also to extermination camps and murder sites, among them Auschwitz, Treblinka and Maly Trostenets.
Show more

Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 10/07/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 30
Beginning of Event: 10/07/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 993
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1000
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 11/07/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: 30
Beginning of Event: 11/07/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 993
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1000
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/3
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 297
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, "Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt", in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 2005" (Prag: Sefer Verlag, 2006), pp. 63-111
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
Link to Photos: Alois Brunner, SS-Hauptscharfuehrer, functioned among others as head of the Judenreferat in Vienna from 25/07/1942.
Link to Archives: