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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities began to deport the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city of Theresienstadt, about 60 km north of Prague. The city’s 18th century fortress now served as a ghetto. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under terrible conditions. By depicting Theresienstadt as a "model of Jewish settlement" and thus concealing its role as a transit camp for Jewish deportees, the Nazis were able to camouflage their true objectives and policies namely, the mass annihilation of the Jews.
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Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 22/07/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 33
Beginning of Event: 22/07/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1000
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1005
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 24/07/1942
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: 33
Beginning of Event: 24/07/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1000
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1005
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/5
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 301
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, "Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt", in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 2005" (Prag: Sefer Verlag, 2006), pp. 63-111
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
Link to Photos: Alois Brunner, SS-Hauptscharfuehrer, functioned among others as head of the Judenreferat in Vienna from 25/07/1942.
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