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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

During the fall-winter months of 1942-1943 Nazi Germany suffered its first major military defeats in several theaters of the war: The defeat at El Alamein, followed by the landing of Allied forces in North- Africa (Operation Torch) and the encircling of the Sixth Army at Stalingrad signaled a possible shift in the course of the war. However, despite these setbacks the Nazis proceeded with the extermination policies. On February 7, 1943, several days after the German surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler addressed a group of Gauleiters (district party leaders) assembled at Rastenburg. He repeated his threat that Jewry must be eliminated from Europe.
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Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Bruenn, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia on 30/03/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 46f
Beginning of Event: 30/03/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Vienna, Nordbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 101
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 101
Destination of Deportation: Bruenn, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stopover Bruenn, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 01/04/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Bruenn, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: 46f
Beginning of Event: 01/04/1943
Segment of Route: Stopover
Means of Transportation: Cars attached to freight train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 101
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 01/04/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: 46f
Beginning of Event: 01/04/1943
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 101
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/14f
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 353
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, "Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt", in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 2005" (Prag: Sefer Verlag, 2006), pp. 63-111
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Ruth Bondy, “Prominent auf Widerruf”, in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente" (Prag: Academia, 1995), pp. 136-155
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