Friends  |  Press Room  |  Contact Us

The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Towards the end of November 1941, the Nazi authorities began to deport the Jews of Bohemia and Moravia (the Protectorate) to the fortress city of Theresienstadt, about 60 km north of Prague. The city’s 18th century fortress now served as a ghetto. Thousands of deportees were housed in the army barracks under terrible conditions. By depicting Theresienstadt as a "model of Jewish settlement" and thus concealing its role as a transit camp for Jewish deportees, the Nazis were able to camouflage their true objectives and policies namely, the mass annihilation of the Jews.
Show more

Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 09/10/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 45
Train No.: Da 525
Beginning of Event: 09/10/1942
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: School Compound, 2a Kleine Sperlgasse, Vienna 2
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Cattle Cars
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1306
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1324
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 10/10/1942
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Transport No: 45
Train No.: Da 525
Beginning of Event: 10/10/1942
Segment of Route: Stop
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1306
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1324
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
More Information More Information
Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1306
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1324
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 10/10/1942
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/ 13
Link to Library:
Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 361
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, "Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt", in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 2005" (Prag: Sefer Verlag, 2006), pp. 63-111
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich 1938-1945" (Wien: Europa Verlag, 1966), p. 46
  • Mary Steinhauser / DOEW (eds.), "Totenbuch Theresienstadt" (Wien: Junius, 1987), p. 144
  • Frances F. Tritt, "Holocaust...Diary 1942-1945" (Wien: no publisher, 1971), pp. 34-36
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
Link to Photos: Alois Brunner, SS-Hauptscharfuehrer, functioned among others as head of the Judenreferat in Vienna from 25/07/1942.
Link to Archives: