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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and the successful outcome of the early military operations on the Eastern Front lead to a sense of euphoria in the Nazi leadership. Due to that, in September 1941, Adolf Hitler approved plans proposed by various members of the Nazi hierarchy that called for mass deportation of Jews from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg. The deportations commenced in October 1941 while Germany was in the process of attacking Moscow and in wake o
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Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Minsk, Ghetto on 28/11/1941
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 12
Beginning of Event: 28/11/1941
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: School Compound, 2a Kleine Sperlgasse, Vienna 2
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1000
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1001
Destination of Deportation: Minsk, Ghetto
Link to Library:
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich 1938-1945" (Wien: Europa Verlag, 1966), pp. 32-34
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 97
  • Saul Friedlaender, "The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945" (Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 2009 and Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009), p. 284
  • Yitzhak Arad, "History of the Holocaust: Soviet Union and Annexed Territories (language: Hebrew)" (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2004), pp. 625-627
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
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Link to Archives: