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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 and the successful outcome of the early military operations on the Eastern Front lead to a sense of euphoria in the Nazi leadership. Due to that, in September 1941, Adolf Hitler approved plans proposed by various members of the Nazi hierarchy that called for mass deportation of Jews from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg. The deportations commenced in October 1941 while Germany was in the process of attacking Moscow and in wake of its victories in the battles of Vyazma-Bryansk.
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Additional Details

Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Kaunas, Kaunas, Lithuania on 23/11/1941
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 11
Train No.: Da 29
Beginning of Event: 23/11/1941
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: School Compound, 2a Kleine Sperlgasse, Vienna 2
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 998
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1000
Destination of Deportation: Kaunas, Kaunas, Lithuania
End of Event: 26/11/1941
Link to Library:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), pp. 107-108
  • Saul Friedlaender, "The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945" (Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 2009 and Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009), p. 269 (Hebrew edition)
  • Dina Porat, "The Legend of the Struggle of Jews from the Third Reich in the Ninth Fort near Kovno, 1941-1942", in: Tel Aviver Jahrbuch fuer Deutsche Geschichte (Tel Aviv: Bleicher Verlag, 1991), pp. 363-392
  • Josef Gar, "The extermination of the Jews of Kowna (published in Yiddish)" (Munich: Organization of Lithuanian Jews in the American Zone in Germany, 1948), p. 85
  • L. Garfunkel, "The Destruction of Kovno's Jewry (published in Hebrew)" (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1959), p. 122
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • Christopher R. Browning, "The origins of the Final Solution : the evolution of Nazi Jewish policy, September 1939 - March 1942" (London : Heinemann, 2004), pp.425-452
  • Wolfgang Scheffler und Diana Schulle, "Buch der Erinnerung: Die ins Baltikum deportierten deutschen, oesterreichischen und tschechoslowakischen Juden", Vol.1 (Muenchen, 2003), pp.153-170
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
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