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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 and a sense of euphoria gripped the Nazi regime as a result of its military achievements on the Eastern front. In September 1941 Adolf Hitler approved plans proposed by various members of the Nazi hierarchy that called for mass deportation of Jews from Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Luxembourg. The deportations commenced in October 1941 while Germany was in the process of attacking Moscow and in wake of its victories in the battles of Vyazma and Bryansk.
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Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Riga, Rigas, Vidzeme, Latvia on 03/12/1941
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 13
Beginning of Event: 03/12/1941
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: School Compound, 2a Kleine Sperlgasse, Vienna 2
Departure Station: Vienna, Aspangbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Special passenger train (Sonderzug)
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1000
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1001
Destination of Deportation: Riga, Rigas, Vidzeme, Latvia
Arrival Station: Riga, Skirotava train station
End of Event: 06/12/1941
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Bibliography:
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich 1938-1945" (Wien: Europa Verlag, 1966), pp. 33-34
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Zentralstelle fuer juedische Auswanderung in Wien", in: Kurt Schmid, Robert Streibel (eds.), "Der Pogrom 1938, Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich und Deutschland", Dokumentation eines Symposiums der Volkshochschule Brigittenau (Wien: Picus, 1990), pp. 96-100
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), pp. 124-125
  • Wolfgang Scheffler and Diana Schulle, "Buch der Erinnerung: Die ins Baltikum deportierten deutschen, oesterreichischen und tschechoslowakischen Juden", Vol. 1 (Muenchen, 2003), pp. 390-408
  • Saul Friedlaender, "The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945" (Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 2009 and Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009), pp. 264-265;269 (Hebrew edition)
  • Yitzhak Arad, "History of the Holocaust: Soviet Union and Annexed Territories (language: Hebrew)" (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2004), pp. 640-646
  • A. Kadikis, "Mes apsudzam: Dokumenti un materiali par hitlersko okupantu un latviesu burzuazisko nacionalistu laundaribam (language: Latvian)" (Riga: Liesma, 1965), pp. 64-65
  • Christopher R. Browning, "The origins of the Final Solution : the evolution of Nazi Jewish policy, September 1939 - March 1942" (London : Heinemann, 2004), pp. 425-452
  • The Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People Jerusalem, Aktenverzeichnis der Kultusgemeinde Wien Signatur A/W: 1886/ 398, 1-33
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