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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

During the fall-winter months of 1942-1943 Nazi Germany suffered its first major military defeats in several theaters of the war: The defeat at El Alamein, followed by the landing of Allied forces in North- Africa (Operation Torch) and the encircling of the Sixth Army at Stalingrad signaled a possible shift in the course of the war. However, despite these setbacks the Nazis proceeded with the extermination policies. On February 7, 1943, several days after the German surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler addressed a group of Gauleiters (district party leaders) assembled at Rastenburg. He repeated his threat that Jewry must be eliminated from Europe.
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Additional Details

Places: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland on 31/03/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 47b
Beginning of Event: 31/03/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Kruegerheim, Girls' Home, 7 Malzgasse / 8 Miesbachgasse, Vienna 2
Departure Station: Vienna, Nordbahnhof
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 82
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 85
Destination of Deportation: Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 419
  • Danuta Czech, “Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau 1939-1945” (Reinbeck bei Hamburg: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH, 1989), p. 457
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Anhalte- und Sammellager fuer oesterreichische Juden", Dokumentationsarchiv des oesterreichischen Widerstandes - Jahrbuch 1992, p. 75
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