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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

During the fall-winter months of 1942-1943 Nazi Germany suffered its first major military defeats in several theaters of the war: The defeat at El Alamein, followed by the landing of Allied forces in North- Africa (Operation Torch) and the encircling of the Sixth Army at Stalingrad signaled a possible shift in the course of the war. However, despite these setbacks the Nazis proceeded with the extermination policies. On February 7, 1943, several days after the German surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler addressed a group of Gauleiters (district party leaders) assembled at Rastenburg. He repeated his threat that Jewry must be eliminated from Europe.
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Additional Details

Route of Transport: from Departing Station Wien, Vienna, Austria to Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia on 27/04/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Transport No: 14g/Ez1
Beginning of Event: 27/04/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Departure Station: Vienna, Nordbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 2
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 2
Destination of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stop Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
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Origin of Deportation: Bohusovice, Litomerice, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Segment of Route: Stop
Means of Transportation: Marched by foot
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 2
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 28/04/1943
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/14g Ez
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Bibliography:
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Judenverfolgung in Oesterreich 1938-1945" (Wien: Europa Verlag, 1966), p. 48
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, "Die Deutsche Reichsbahn und Theresienstadt", in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente 2005" (Prag: Sefer Verlag, 2006), pp. 63-111
  • Alfred Gottwaldt and Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 355
  • Miroslav Karny, et al. (eds.), "Terezinsca pametni kniha: Zidovske obeti nacisticky deportaci z Cech a Moravy 1941-1945" (Prague: Terezinsca Iniziativa, 1995), p. 69
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