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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

During the spring-summer months of 1943, Nazi Germany suffered a series of defeats in several theaters of war: in May, German forces in North Africa surrendered. In July, Following the failure of "Operation Citadel" (Battle of Kursk), the Soviet counteroffensive on the Eastern Front began. Almost, simultaneously, an allied force landed in Sicily and Benito Mussolini, the leader of fascist Italy, Germany’s ally, was dismissed. Over the course of the summer, the Allied aerial attack on the German home front and industrial centers intensified. Despite these events, German authorities continued to deport the Jews, who still resided in the Reich, to Theresienstadt and Auschwitz Birkenau.
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Additional Details

Places: Linz, Upper Austria, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Linz, Upper Austria, Austria to Wien, Vienna, Austria on 15/09/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Linz, Upper Austria, Austria
Beginning of Event: 15/09/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 1
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1
Destination of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Arrival Station: Vienna, Nordbahnhof
Route of Transport: from Stopover Wien, Vienna, Austria to Brno, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia on 15/09/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Wien, Vienna, Austria
Beginning of Event: 15/09/1943
Segment of Route: Stopover
Departure Station: Vienna, Nordbahnhof
Means of Transportation: Rail car attached to a regular passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1
No. of Additional Deportees (Minimum Estimate): 1
Destination of Deportation: Brno, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia
Route of Transport: from Stopover Brno, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 16/09/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Brno, Brno Hlavni Mesto, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovakia
Beginning of Event: 16/09/1943
Segment of Route: Stopover
Means of Transportation: Train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 1
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 16/09/1943
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/14m Ez
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Bibliography:
  • Jonny Moser, "Die Judenverfolgung in Österreich 1938-1945" (Wien: Europa Verlag, 1966), p. 48
  • Alfred Gottwald, Diana Schulle, "Die "Judendeportationen" aus dem Deutschen Reich 1938-1945" (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 460
  • Miroslav Karny, et al. (eds.), "Terezinsca pametni kniha: Zidovske obeti nacisticky deportaci z Cech a Moravy 1941-1945" (Prague: Terezinsca Iniziativa, 1995), p. 71
  • Ruth Bondy, “Prominent auf Widerruf”, in: "Theresienstaedter Studien und Dokumente" (Prag: Academia, 1995), pp. 136-155
  • Verena Wagner, “Juedisches Leben in Linz 1849-1943” (Linz: Wagner Verlag, 2008), Vol. 1, p. 793
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