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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

In an attempt to halt the Red Army’s advance towards Vienna (Wien), the German military began to construct a defense line along the Austrian- Hungarian border in the fall of 1944. It was known as the “South- East Wall” (also known as the Reich's Defensive Line, Reichsschutzstellung) and included a system of fortifications and anti-tank trenches. In November, thousands of Hungarian Jews were marched to the Austrian border. They were taken from Budapest, along with Jews who had been previously conscripted to forced labor details of the Hungarian army. Many perished along the way due to the brutality of the guards. On their arrival, they were forced to take part in the construction of the batteries.
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Additional Details

Places: Amstetten, Lower Austria, Austria
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Amstetten, Lower Austria, Austria to Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia on 14/04/1945
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Origin of Deportation: Amstetten, Lower Austria, Austria
Beginning of Event: 14/04/1945
Segment of Route: Departing Station
No. of People (Minimum Estimate): 77
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 77
Destination of Deportation: Theresienstadt, Ghetto, Czechoslovakia
End of Event: 15/04/1945
Transport No. upon Arrival: IV/16a
Link to Library:
  • Miroslav Karny, et al. (eds.), "Terezinsca pametni kniha: Zidovske obeti nacisticky deportaci z Cech a Moravy 1941-1945" (Prague: Terezinsca Iniziativa, 1995), p. 75
  • Mary Steinhauser / DOEW (eds.), "Totenbuch Theresienstadt" (Wien: Junius, 1987), pp. 1.21-1.23
  • Hans Guenther Adler, “Theresienstadt, 1941-1945” (Tuebingen: Mohr, 1960), p. 280
Link to Archives: Alphabetical lists of Austrian Jews deported to Theresienstadt, and lists of transports to Warsaw, Piaski, Lublin and other places, without the names of the deportees , 1942-1945

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