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During the autumn and winter of 1942-1943, Nazi Germany suffered a series of major military setbacks signaling a shift in the course of the war: the defeat at El Alamein, followed by the landing of Allied forces in North-Africa (Operation Torch), and the encircling of the Sixth Army at Stalingrad. However, despite these setbacks the Nazis proceeded with their extermination policies. On February 7, 1943, several days after the German surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler addressed a group of Gauleiters (district party leaders) assembled at Rastenburg. During his speech he repeated his threat to exterminate the Jews of Europe.
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Additional Details

Places:
Route of Transport: from Departing Station Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Wuerttemberg, Germany to Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland on 14/09/1943
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Origin of Deportation: Stuttgart, Stuttgart (Stuttgart), Wuerttemberg, Germany
Beginning of Event: 14/09/1943
Segment of Route: Departing Station
Assembly Area: Stuttgart
Departure Station: Stuttgart Northern Station
Means of Transportation: Passenger train
No. of People (Maximum Estimate): 2
No. of Additional Deportees (Minimum Estimate): 2
Destination of Deportation: Auschwitz Birkenau, Extermination Camp, Poland
End of Event: 09/1943
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Bibliography:
  • Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle, Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich 1941-1945 (Wiesbaden: Marix Verlag, 2005), p. 424
  • Danuta Czech, "Auschwitz Chronicle 1939-1945" (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1990)
  • Maria Zelzer, "Weg und Schicksal der Stuttgarter Juden. Ein Gedenkbuch." (Stuttgart: Klett, 1964)
  • Fabian Brenker, "'Evakuiert' und 'Unbekannt verzogen'. Die Deportation der Juden aus Wuerttemberg und Hohenzollern 1941-45" (Stuttgart: Landeszentrale fuer Politische Bildung Baden-Wuerttemberg, 2008)
  • Paul Sauer, "Dokumente ueber die Verfolgung der juedischen Buerger in Baden-Wuerttemberg durch das nationalsozialistische Regime 1933-1945 (Vol. 1 and 2)" (Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1966)
  • Paul Sauer, "Die Schicksale der juedischen Buerger Baden-Wuerttembergs waehrend der nationalsozialistischen Verfolgungszeit 1933-1945" (Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1969)
  • Paul Sauer, "Wuerttemberg in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus" (Ulm: Sueddeutsche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1975), pp. 412-417
  • Roland Müller, "Stuttgart zur Zeit des Nationalsozialismus" (Stuttgart: K. Theiss, 1988)
  • Michael Kissener, Joachim Scholtyseck (ed.), "Die Fuehrer der Provinz. NS-Biographien aus Baden und Wuerttemberg" (Konstanz: UVK, 1997)
  • Benigna Schoenhagen, "Wir waren von Feinden und Gleichgueltigen umgeben. Die Deportationen der Stuttgarter Juden" (Gerlingen: Bleicher, 1989)
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