The Righteous Among The Nations
Włodzimierz Wolski was a Polish landowner. As a result of financial difficulties, he was forced to sell or lease most of his land. One of his plots (in Jawornik Ruski, near Dobromil in the Lwow area) was leased to Yerachmiel Ortner. Soon after the German attack on the Soviet territories, Włodzimierz’s land came under German occupation. This meant that the local Jewish villagers were now in danger. Consequently, Yerachmiel sent his wife Karolina to the Wolskis’ estate, where she was employed as a maid and a cook during the occupation. Yerachmiel found temporary shelter in the village of Manasterz with Jan Pawełek, the local forester, who also equipped him with “Aryan” papers.
After some time, Jan moved Yerachmiel to his sister’s house in the neighboring village, where he stayed for around five months. When the search for hidden Jews intensified, Yerachmiel (who was warned in advance by Jan) was forced to leave the hideout. He reached the Wolskis’ home and there he was reunited with his wife. (They pretended to be lovers, intending to get married after the war.)
Yerachmiel was given work in the fields. The Wolskis’ son, Krzysztof, who ran the farm, helped Yerachmiel stay with them until the liberation, risking his own life in the process.
During the war, the Wolskis also took under their roof a lone Jewish girl named Tzila Sommer. Yerachmiel added in his testimony that he thinks another Jewish woman was also hiding there.
On March 20, 1980, Yad Vashem recognized Włodzimierz Wolski, his son, Krzysztof Wolski, and Jan Pawełek, as Righteous Among the Nations.